By Eric Trager
How did Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood win energy so speedy after the dramatic “Arab Spring” rebellion that ended President Hosni Mubarak’s thirty-year reign in February 2011? And why did the Brotherhood fall from strength much more quick, culminating with the preferred “rebellion” and army coup that toppled Egypt’s first elected president, Brotherhood chief Mohamed Morsi, in July 2013? In Arab Fall, Eric Trager examines the Brotherhood’s selection making all through this severe interval, explaining its purposes for becoming a member of the 2011 rebellion, working for a majority of the seats within the 2011–2012 parliamentary elections, and nominating a presidential candidate regardless of its preliminary promise to not achieve this. in response to wide examine in Egypt and interviews with dozens of Brotherhood leaders and cadres together with Morsi, Trager argues that the very organizational features that helped the Brotherhood win strength additionally contributed to its fast downfall. The Brotherhood’s in depth approach for recruiting individuals and its inflexible national command-chain intended that it possessed exceptional mobilizing functions for profitable the 1st post-Mubarak parliamentary and presidential elections.
Yet the Brotherhood’s hierarchical organizational tradition, within which dissenters are banished and critics are seen as enemies of Islam, bred exclusivism. This alienated many Egyptians, together with many inside of Egypt’s kingdom associations. The Brotherhood’s insularity additionally avoided its leaders from spotting how speedy the rustic was once slipping from their seize, leaving thousands of Muslim Brothers solely unprepared for the brutal crackdown that Morsi’s overthrow. Trager concludes with an evaluation of the present kingdom of Egyptian politics and examines the Brotherhood’s clients for reemerging.
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